ERS-USDA Report: Major Land Uses

Published online: Dec 23, 2011
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This data series contains estimates for major land uses in the United States, by State, for 1945-2007. The series is the only consistent historical accounting of major land uses, public and private, in all 50 States.
The United States has a total land area of nearly 2.3 billion acres. In 2007, the major land uses were forestland at 671 million acres (30 percent); grassland pasture and rangeland at 614 million (27 percent); cropland at 408 million (18 percent); special uses (primarily parks and wildlife areas) at 313 million acres (14 percent); miscellaneous uses (like tundra or swamps) at 197 million acres (9 percent); and urban land at 61 million acres (3 percent). The annual cropland portion of the series has been consistently maintained since 1910 and has recently been updated through 2010.

Released Monday, December 19, 2011

See http://wwwers.usda.gov/Data/MajorLandUses/ 

Summary Table 2--Major uses of cropland, by region and State, United States, 2007 1/
Regions and States     Cropland used for crops   Idle cropland        Cropland pasture Total  3/
 --------------------------------------------------------------------1,000 acres---------------------------------
Northeast        11,043          1,036            887        12,967
  Maine             341              85              37            462
  New Hampshire              76              10              17            103
  Vermont            413              27              47            487
  Massachusetts            139              14              16            169
  Rhode Island              18                2                2              22
  Connecticut            111              13              13            136
  New York          3,594            266            280          4,140
  New Jersey            415              24              40            479
  Pennsylvania          4,325            513            427          5,264
  Delaware            404              10                9            423
  Maryland          1,208              71 0          1,279
  District of Columbia 0 0 0 0
Lake States        36,070          3,037          1,452        40,559
  Michigan          7,145            553            316          8,014
  Wisconsin          9,069            738            395        10,203
  Minnesota          19,857          1,745            740        22,342
Corn Belt        82,698          4,642          3,677        91,018
  Ohio        10,141            431            352        10,923
  Indiana        12,201            262            284        12,747
  Illinois        22,778            970            309        24,056
  Iowa        24,277          1,608            845        26,730
  Missouri        13,301          1,372          1,887        16,561
Northern Plains        84,459          8,913          4,316        97,688
  North Dakota        23,290          3,569            817        27,676
  South Dakota        17,026          1,516          1,311        19,853
  Nebraska        19,495          1,221            896        21,612
  Kansas        24,649          2,608          1,292        28,548
Appalachian        17,306          1,578          3,770        22,654
  Virginia          2,570            194            487          3,251
  West Virginia            678              51            192            921
  North Carolina          4,258            247            339          4,843
  Kentucky          5,395            676          1,550          7,621
  Tennessee          4,406            410          1,203          6,019
Southeast          9,370          1,061          2,052        12,483
  South Carolina          1,536            201            264          2,001
  Georgia          3,665            364            590          4,619
  Florida          2,098              90            571          2,760
  Alabama          2,070            406            627          3,104
Delta States        15,160            930          2,140        18,230
  Mississippi          4,411            376            769          5,556
  Arkansas          7,409              94            736          8,240
  Louisiana          3,340            460            635          4,435
Southern Plains        30,684          5,553        10,718        46,955
  Oklahoma          9,169            890          2,781        12,840
  Texas        21,515          4,663          7,938        34,115
Mountain        30,724          7,432          5,088        43,244
  Montana        12,631          3,558          1,678        17,867
  Idaho          4,680            789            511          5,980
  Wyoming          1,657            141            420          2,218
  Colorado          8,110          2,076          1,242        11,428
  New Mexico          1,174            545            648          2,367
  Arizona            818              96               -              914
  Utah          1,137            198            403          1,738
  Nevada            516              30            185            731
Pacific        17,377          2,875          1,858        22,110
  Washington          5,733          1,521            372          7,626
  Oregon          3,560            696            677          4,934
  California            8,084            657            809          9,550
48 States 2/      334,893        37,057        35,959      407,908
  Alaska              31              48                7              86
  Hawaii                72              49              23            145
U.S. Total 2/        334,996        37,154        35,989      408,139
1/ Footnotes to other files may be applicable.
 2/ Distributions may not add to totals due to rounding.
 3/ Between 2002 and 2007, total cropland decreased by 34 million acres to its lowest level since this series began in 1945, even though harvested cropland (which accounts for most land planted to crops) increased 5 million acres due to a recovery of failed cropland from severe droughts in 2002. A 26-million acre decline in cropland pasture contributed to this trend, partly due to methodological changes in the 2007 Census of Agriculture that reclassified some cropland pasture to permanent grassland pasture and range. 
Sources: USDA/National Agricultural Statistics Service (2008, 2009a and 2009b) and USDA/Farm Services Agency (2008).